Tutorials References Exercises Videos Menu
Free Website Get Certified Upgrade

C# Booleans


C# Booleans

Very often, in programming, you will need a data type that can only have one of two values, like:

  • YES / NO
  • ON / OFF
  • TRUE / FALSE

For this, C# has a bool data type, which can take the values true or false.


Boolean Values

A boolean type is declared with the bool keyword and can only take the values true or false:

Example

bool isCSharpFun = true;
bool isFishTasty = false;
Console.WriteLine(isCSharpFun);   // Outputs True
Console.WriteLine(isFishTasty);   // Outputs False

Try it Yourself »

However, it is more common to return boolean values from boolean expressions, for conditional testing (see below).


Boolean Expression

A Boolean expression returns a boolean value: True or False, by comparing values/variables.

This is useful to build logic, and find answers.

For example, you can use a comparison operator, such as the greater than (>) operator to find out if an expression (or a variable) is true:

Example

int x = 10;
int y = 9;
Console.WriteLine(x > y); // returns True, because 10 is higher than 9

Try it Yourself »

Or even easier:

Example

Console.WriteLine(10 > 9); // returns True, because 10 is higher than 9

Try it Yourself »

In the examples below, we use the equal to (==) operator to evaluate an expression:

Example

int x = 10;
Console.WriteLine(x == 10); // returns True, because the value of x is equal to 10

Try it Yourself »

Example

Console.WriteLine(10 == 15); // returns False, because 10 is not equal to 15

Try it Yourself »


Real Life Example

Let's think of a "real life example" where we need to find out if a person is old enough to vote.

In the example below, we use the >= comparison operator to find out if the age (25) is greater than OR equal to the voting age limit, which is set to 18:

Example

int myAge = 25;
int votingAge = 18;
Console.WriteLine(myAge >= votingAge);

Try it Yourself »

Cool, right? An even better approach (since we are on a roll now), would be to wrap the code above in an if...else statement, so we can perform different actions depending on the result:

Example

Output "Old enough to vote!" if myAge is greater than or equal to 18. Otherwise output "Not old enough to vote.":

int myAge = 25;
int votingAge = 18;

if (myAge >= votingAge) 
{
  Console.WriteLine("Old enough to vote!");
} 
else 
{
  Console.WriteLine("Not old enough to vote.");
}

Try it Yourself »

The boolean value of an expression is the basis for all C# comparisons and conditions.

You will learn more about conditions (if...else) in the next chapter.


C# Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Fill in the missing parts to print the values True and False:

 isCodingFun = true;
 isFishTasty = false;
Console.WriteLine();
Console.WriteLine();

Start the Exercise