Tutorials References Exercises Videos Menu
Free Website Get Certified Upgrade

Excel Tutorial

Excel HOME Excel Introduction Excel Get Started Excel Overview Excel Syntax Excel Ranges Excel Fill Excel Move Cells Excel Add Cells Excel Delete Cells Excel Undo Redo Excel Formulas Excel Relative Reference Excel Absolute Reference Excel Arithmetic Operators Excel Parentheses Excel Functions

Excel Formatting

Excel Formatting Excel Format Painter Excel Format Colors Excel Format Fonts Excel Format Borders Excel Format Numbers Excel Format Grids Excel Format Settings

Excel Data Analysis

Excel Sort Excel Filter Excel Tables Excel Conditional Format Excel Highlight Cell Rules Excel Top Bottom Rules Excel Data Bars Excel Color Scales Excel Icon Sets Excel Manage Rules (CF) Excel Charts

Table Pivot

Table Pivot Intro

Excel Case

Case: Poke Mart Case: Poke Mart, Styling

Excel Functions

AND AVERAGE AVERAGEIF AVERAGEIFS CONCAT COUNT COUNTA COUNTBLANK COUNTIF COUNTIFS IF IFS LEFT LOWER MAX MEDIAN MIN MODE NPV OR RAND RIGHT STDEV.P STDEV.S SUM SUMIF SUMIFS TRIM VLOOKUP XOR

Excel How To

Convert Time to Seconds Difference Between Times NPV (Net Present Value) Remove Duplicates

Guided Projects

Introduction to Excel Learn Data Calculations Learn Data Visualization Learn to Create a Budget Learn to Create a Timeline Learn to Style in Excel

Excel Examples

Excel Exercises Excel Certificate

Excel References

Excel Keyboard Shortcuts


Excel Absolute References


Absolute References

Absolute reference is when a reference has the dollar sign ($).

It locks a reference in the formula.

Add $ to the formula to use absolute references.

The dollar sign has three different states:

  • Absolute for column and row. The reference is absolutely locked.
    Example =$A$1

  • Absolute for the column. The reference is locked to that column. The row remains relative.
    Example =$A1

  • Absolute for the row. The reference is locked to that row. The column remains relative.
    Example =A$1

Let's have a look at an example helping the Pokemon trainers to calculate prices for Pokeballs

Type or copy the following data:

Copy Values

Data explained

  • There are 6 trainers: Iva, Liam, Adora, Jenny, Iben and Kasper.
  • They have different amount of Pokeballs each in their shop cart
  • The price per Pokeball is 2 coins

Help them to calculate the prices for the Pokeballs.

The price's reference is B11, we do not want the fill function to change this, so we lock it.

The reference is absolutely locked by using the formula $B$11.

How to do it, step by step:

  1. Type C2(=)
  2. Select B11
  3. Type ($) before the B and 11 ($B$11)
  4. Type (*)
  5. Select B2
  6. Hit enter
  7. Auto fill C2:C7









Congratulations! You successfully calculated the prices for the Pokeballs using an absolute reference.


Test Yourself With Exercises

Excel Exercise:

Type reference A1 as absolute:

A$1

Start the Exercise