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How to Calculate NPV Using Excel


Learn how to calculate NPV (Net Present Value) using Excel.


NPV (Net Present Value) is a financial formula used to discount future cash flows.

The calculation is performed to find out whether an investment is positive in the future.

Keep in mind that money is always worth more today than in the future.

That is why we discount the future cash flows.

What else could you do with the money if not spent on this project?


The NPV Formula

The Formula:

Net Present Value Formula
  • R = Return which defines the earnings, how much you have made.
  • t = Time which used to define the duration of what you are calculating.
  • I = Discount Rate which used to define your requirement of return.

How to Calculate NPV Using Excel

Step 1) Create a sheet and set up values:

In this example, we will calculate the NPV over a 10 years period.

The Discount Rate, return of requirement is set to 10%.

Copy the values to follow the example.

Paste the values directly into your sheet.

You need to apply the styling on your own, if you want it to be more presentable.

Time to seconds setup
Copy Values

Ensure that you have 10% (percentage) as input and not just 10 in cell B9


Excel Skills for Business Specialization
Step 2) Start the NPV Function:
  1. Select cell E9
  2. Type =NPV
  3. Select the =NPV function by clicking it
Initiate NPV Function
Step 3) Enter NPV Values:
  1. Select B9 to Apply "rate"
  2. Type , or ; to separate and move on to value
  3. Select range B2:K2
  4. Press the enter button

Note: The different parts of the function are separated by a symbol, like comma , or semicolon ;

The symbol depends on your Language Settings.

Added values to the NPV function

Nicely done!

You have successfully calculated the NPV for a 10 years period and applied a 10% Discount Rate.

In this case, the right answer was 377,87

NPV done. Right answer: 377,87