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Java Multi-Dimensional Arrays


Multidimensional Arrays

A multidimensional array is an array of arrays.

Multidimensional arrays are useful when you want to store data as a tabular form, like a table with rows and columns.

To create a two-dimensional array, add each array within its own set of curly braces:

Example

int[][] myNumbers = { {1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6, 7} };

myNumbers is now an array with two arrays as its elements.


Access Elements

To access the elements of the myNumbers array, specify two indexes: one for the array, and one for the element inside that array. This example accesses the third element (2) in the second array (1) of myNumbers:

Example

int[][] myNumbers = { {1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6, 7} };
System.out.println(myNumbers[1][2]); // Outputs 7

Try it Yourself »

Remember that: Array indexes start with 0: [0] is the first element. [1] is the second element, etc.


Change Element Values

You can also change the value of an element:

Example

int[][] myNumbers = { {1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6, 7} };
myNumbers[1][2] = 9;
System.out.println(myNumbers[1][2]); // Outputs 9 instead of 7

Try it Yourself »


Loop Through a Multi-Dimensional Array

We can also use a for loop inside another for loop to get the elements of a two-dimensional array (we still have to point to the two indexes):

Example

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    int[][] myNumbers = { {1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6, 7} };
    for (int i = 0; i < myNumbers.length; ++i) {
      for(int j = 0; j < myNumbers[i].length; ++j) {
        System.out.println(myNumbers[i][j]);
      }
    }   } }

Try it Yourself »


Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Insert the missing part to create a two-dimensional array.

 myNumbers = { {1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6, 7} };

Start the Exercise