Tutorials References Exercises Videos Menu
Free Website Get Certified Upgrade


JS Reference

JS by Category JS by Alphabet

JavaScript

JS Array JS Boolean JS Classes JS Date JS Error JS Global JS JSON JS Math JS Number JS Object JS Operators JS Precedence JS RegExp JS Statements JS String JS TypedArray

Window

Window Object Window Console Window History Window Location Window Navigator Window Screen

HTML DOM

HTML Documents HTML Elements HTML Attributes HTML Events HTML Event Objects HTML Collection HTML NodeList HTML DOMTokenList HTML Styles
alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cssFloat cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

Web APIs

API Console API Fetch API Fullscreen API Geolocation API History API MediaQueryList API Storage API Validation API Web

HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion


HTML DOM Element textContent

Examples

Return the text content of an element:

let text = element.textContent;
Try it Yourself »

Change the textual content of a <p> element with id="demo":

element.textContent = "I have changed!";
Try it Yourself »

Get all the textual content of an <ul> element with id="myList":

let text = document.getElementById("myList").textContent;
Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The textContent property sets or returns the text content of the specified node, and all its descendants.

Note

When you set the textContent property, all child nodes are removed and replaced by only one new text node.

See Also:

The innerText Property

The innerHTML Property

The Differences Between
innerHTML, innerText and textContent

See below


Syntax

Return the text content of a node:

element.textContent
or
node.textContent

Set the text content of a node:

element.textContent = text
node.textContent = text

Property Value

Property Description
text The text content of the element or node.

Return Value

Type Description
StringThe text content of the element and all its descendants.
Returns null if the element is a document, a document type, or a notation.


The Differences Between
innerHTML, innerText and textContent

The innerHTML property returns:
The text content of the element, including all spacing and inner HTML tags.
The innerText property returns:
Just the text content of the element and all its children, without CSS hidden text spacing and tags, except <script> and <style> elements.
The textContent property returns:
The text content of the element and all descendaces, with spacing and CSS hidden text, but without tags.

HTML Example

<p id="myP">   This element has extra spacing     and contains <span>a span element</span>.</p>

JavaScript Examples

let text = document.getElementById("myP").innerText;

let text = document.getElementById("myP").innerHTML;

let text = document.getElementById("demo").textContent;
Try it Yourself »

In the example above:

The innerText property returns:
This element has extra spacing and contains a span element.
The innerHTML property returns:
   This element has extra spacing    and contains <span>a span element</span>.
The textContent property returns:
   This element has extra spacing    and contains a span element.

Browser Support

element.textContent is a DOM Level 3 (2004) feature.

It is fully supported in all browsers:

Chrome IE Edge Firefox Safari Opera
Yes 9-11 Yes Yes Yes Yes