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TypeScript Arrays


TypeScript has a specific syntax for typing arrays.

Read more about arrays in our JavaScript Array chapter.

Example

const names: string[] = [];
names.push("Dylan"); // no error
// names.push(3); // Error: Argument of type 'number' is not assignable to parameter of type 'string'.
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Readonly

The readonly keyword can prevent arrays from being changed.

Example

const names: readonly string[] = ["Dylan"];
names.push("Jack"); // Error: Property 'push' does not exist on type 'readonly string[]'.
// try removing the readonly modifier and see if it works?
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Type Inference

TypeScript can infer the type of an array if it has values.

Example

const numbers = [1, 2, 3]; // inferred to type number[]
numbers.push(4); // no error
// comment line below out to see the successful assignment
numbers.push("2"); // Error: Argument of type 'string' is not assignable to parameter of type 'number'.
let head: number = numbers[0]; // no error
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TypeScript Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Prevent the array from being changed:

const names:  string[] = ["Dylan"];
        

Start the Exercise